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Chords – (Week 2 – Mon) – Minor Chords

If you noticed in last week’s Chord Scale Lesson,

There were Major chords and also minor chords.

Let’s look closer at the minor chords

 

ii =D minor Triad in Root Position

 

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iii = E minor Triad in Root Position

 

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vi = A minor Triad in Root Position (relative minor of C Major)

 

 

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7th Chords

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ii-7 = D -7

 

 iii-7 = E-7

 

vi-7 = A-7 (Relative minor)

 

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That’s it for today

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Posted January 7th, 2013.

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Chords (Week 1 – Sat) – Intervals

Intervals are just the distance one note is from another.

They can either be ascending from the root or descending from the root.

 

minor 2nd is just a half step up/down from Root.

“Jaws”, “Chromatic Scale”, “Isn’t She Lovely”

For more song examples, click here

 

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Major 2nd interval  a whole step up from the Root, or the 2nd note in the scale.

 

“Happy Birthday”

 

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minor 3rd is 3 half steps up from the Root.

The 3rd gives a chord it’s quality of being Major or minor.

“Axel F”, “Bad”

 

Major 3rd is  two whole steps up from the Root, or the 3rd note in the major scale.

“Kumbaya”, “Oh When the Saints”

 

Perfect 4th is the fourth note up in the major scale

“Here Comes the Bride”, “Amazing Grace”

 

Augmented 4th or Diminished 5th is also called a TriTone.

It is 6 half steps up or down, exactly half an octave.

“The Simpsons”

 

Perfect 5th is the fifth note in the major scale

“Twinkle Twinkle Little Star”, “Star Wars”

 

minor 6th is a flat 6 of the major scale

“Theme from Love Story”

 

Major 6th is the sixth scale tone in the major scale

“My Bonnie Lies over the Ocean”, “It Came Upon a Midnight Clear”

 

minor 7th is a flat seven of the major scale.

“Star Trek Theme”

 

Major 7th is the seventh scale tone in the major scale

It is also a half step down from the Octave of the Root.

“Take On Me”

 

The same note as the root, double it’s frequency.

“Somewhere Over the Rainbow”, “The Christmas Song”

 

 

Ok, that’s it for today!
Practice listening for different intervals in songs, ads, atmospheres, etc…
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That’s it for today

Go to Next Lesson >>

Or start from the beginning! >>

 

 

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If you have any questions, just leave them in the comments below!

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Posted January 5th, 2013.

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Chords (Week 1 – Friday) – Chord Scale

A Chord Scale uses the scale notes as the Root for each chord.

Each Scale position has it’s own chords and their quality.

1 – Major
2 – minor
3 – minor
4 – Major
5 – Major (Dominant 7 in 7th chords)
6 – minor
7 – Diminished/(half diminished in 7th chords)
8 – Major (Octave)

I = CM

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ii = D-

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iii = E-

 


IV = FM

 


V = GM

 

vi = A- (relative minor)

 

vii = Bdim

 

And then we land back on

I = CM

 

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7th Chords

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IM7 = CM7

 

ii-7 = D-7

 

iii-7 = E-7

 

IVM7 = FM7

 

V7 = G7

 

vi-7 = A-7 (relative minor)

 

vii-7b5 = B-7b5 (B-7 half diminished)

 

And then we end up back on

IM7 = CM7

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That’s it for today

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Posted January 4th, 2013.

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Chords (Week 1 – Wed) – C Major Chords

 

Here is a C Major Triad in Root Position.

A Triad is a 3 note chord, stacked in thirds. 1 – 3 – 5
The Root is 1 (C),
stack on a Major 3rd (4 half steps up) to get the 3 (E)
stack on a minor 3rd to get the 5 (G)

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The IV is FM

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This V is GM

 

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7th Chords

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CM7 in Root Position

the IMaj7 is as simple as stacking on another Major 3rd to the triad.

1 – 3 – 5 – 7 (B)

hint: The Major 7th note is always a half step below the Root

The IV is FM7

V7 is your G Dominant 7 (G7)

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That’s it for today

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Posted January 2nd, 2013.

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Chords – Primer

I think everyone should be able to play music, so here ya go!

This is the idea:

1 year = 12 months =  4 weeks/month

Chords = 12 keys = 4 chord qualities/month

 

First let’s get some basics down.

 

Hands and Finger #s:

Fingers

RH & LH
Thumbs = 1
Index = 2
Middle = 3
Ring – 4
Pinky = 5

 

Half Steps & Whole Steps

 

 

This is a a half step, or a semi-tone

 

 

 

 

This is a whole step, or whole tone

 

 

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Chords

A chord is and 3 or more notes played together.

 

Let’s get busy!

Lesson 1

 

 

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Posted December 31st, 2012.

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Chords (Week 1 – Monday) – C Major Scale

 

First thing’s first.  We need to know what key we’re playing in.

This is the C Major Scale. Ionian is the name of  ‘mode’ for Major Scales.
Everything is based off of the major scale, so if you know the formula,
you can basically play everything else.

Here’s the formula: (starting on the root note)

W – W – H – W – W – W – H

(W= whole step or 2 half steps, H = half step)

In the key of C Major, there are no sharps or flats.
It’s all the white keys.

C – D – E – F – G – A – B – C

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Correct fingering:

RH
1 – 2 – 3 _ 1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5  (“_”= cross under)
LH
5 – 4 – 3 – 2 – 1 ^ 3 – 2 – 1 ( “^” – cross over)

Fingers

RH & LH
Thumbs = 1
Index = 2
Middle = 3
Ring – 4
Pinky = 5

 

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Chords

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CM Triad Root Position

 

CM7 in Root Position

 

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That’s it for today

Go to Next Lesson >>

Or start from the beginning! >>

 

 

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If you have any questions, just leave them in the comments below!

I’ll get back to you swiftly

 

Posted December 31st, 2012.

5 comments