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Chords (Week 4 – Fri) – Scales: Dim, Aug, Whole Tone

Along with Major and minor scales,
We have Diminished Scales, half Whole scales, and Whole Tone Scales.

 

Octatonic = half Whole

 


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Chords (Week 4 – Mon) – C Augmented

As we’ve already established,
there are Major and minor chord qualities.

Major Triad = M3 + m3
minor Triad = m3 + M3

Augmented Triads = M3 + M3

Here is a C Augmented Triad:

It is also notated as C+

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Chord Scale Songs – Duppy Conquerer

 

(verses)

||: I     | IV     | V     | IV    :|| (verses)

(bridge)

||: IV     | vi     | IV     | vi     | IV     | vi     |    V7     |

Duppy Conquerer
Also any suggestions for songs to play are welcome!

Just leave the song title and artist in the comments below

 

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Chords – (Week 3 – Wed) – Pentatonic & Blues Scales

The Pentatonic Scale (‘penta’ = five, ‘tonic’ = tone) is a five tone scale.

It is the R, minor 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 7th tones of the relative minor scale.

A minor scale

 

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Blues Scale

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The Blues Scale is just a Pentatonic Scale with the b5 in the middle

(b5 or #4 = ‘blue note’)

 

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Chords – (Week 3 – Mon) – Diminished Chords

The Chord which starts on the 7th tone of the C Major Scale is a Diminished Chord

vii = B dim

It is diminished because it’s a minor 3rd stacked on a minor 3rd.
(minor chords are minor 3rd on the bottom and major 3rd stacked on top)

 

vii-7 half diminished = B-7(b5)

This is a beautiful chord that is ‘unresolved’ which can be used as a tension chord.
It is the Root – minor 3rd – minor (or flat) 5th – and minor 7th

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Improvise  a B diminished scale over a B-7b5 chord

 

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Chords (Week 2 – Sat) – The II-V-I Progression

The II-V-I Chord Progression is one of the most commonly used Chord Progression in jazz and popular music.

Get this under your fingers and you’ll be able to play almost any song!

Here is a II-7 -V7 -IM7 all in Root Position

Those are pretty big leaps.
The best way to play this Chord Progression is to use Chord Voicings.

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Using Root Position Chords and Chord Inversions (which we learned in the previous post)

This voicing uses Root – 2nd Inversion – Root

Notice how between chords are shared notes.

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Rootless Chord Voicings

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For  use with 7th chords, the most important tones are the 3rd and the 7th.

You can also invert these Rootless Chord Voicing to create smooth voice leading.
Voice leading is moving from chord to chord in as little motion as possible.

 

II-V-I with 3rds and 7ths

 

 

 

Try to practice playing just the 3rd and 7th of all Chords in the Chord Scale of CM!
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Chords (Week 2 – Friday) – Chord Inversions

Inversions are the same notes of the chord in different order.

In Root Position, the bottom note is the 1, or Root.

If we invert it up, all you do is put the 1 on the top of the chord.
So now the 3 (E) is at the bottom of the chord.

Above is CM in 1st Inversion

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CM 2nd Inversion

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7th Chords

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You can also do Inversions of 7th chords.
Since there’s 4 notes, there are 3 Inversions plus root position.

CM7 Root Position

 

CM7 1st Inversion

 

CM7 2nd Inversion

 

CM7 3rd Inversion

 

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You can also invert down.

Let’s try that with an A minor triad

A minor triad in Root Position

 

A minor triad in 2nd Inversion

Invert the A minor triad down to 2nd inversion,
by putting the 5th to the bottom of the chord

 

A minor triad in 1st Inversion

Invert it down once more to get 1st inversion.

If you invert it down again, you’re back at Root position.

 

Practice Inversion of all the chords in the chord scale of C

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Chords (Week 2 – Wed) – Relative Minor Scale

Every Major scale has it’s relative minor.

An easy way to figure it out, is that Root note would be the 6th of the Major key.
In the case of CM, the 6th would be A, which would then become the Root.

 

 

 

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Slight changes in the scale could change the the minor scale.
If you raise the 7th in the Natural minor scale,
it then becomes a Harmonic Minor Scale.

 

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There is also a Melodic Scale which is a bit tricky.
On the way up, you play a minor scale and raise the 6th and 7th notes up a half step.
On the way down, you make them natural.

 

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Chords

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Chords – (Week 2 – Mon) – Minor Chords

If you noticed in last week’s Chord Scale Lesson,

There were Major chords and also minor chords.

Let’s look closer at the minor chords

 

ii =D minor Triad in Root Position

 

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iii = E minor Triad in Root Position

 

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vi = A minor Triad in Root Position (relative minor of C Major)

 

 

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7th Chords

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ii-7 = D -7

 

 iii-7 = E-7

 

vi-7 = A-7 (Relative minor)

 

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Chords (Week 1 – Sat) – Intervals

Intervals are just the distance one note is from another.

They can either be ascending from the root or descending from the root.

 

minor 2nd is just a half step up/down from Root.

“Jaws”, “Chromatic Scale”, “Isn’t She Lovely”

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Major 2nd interval  a whole step up from the Root, or the 2nd note in the scale.

 

“Happy Birthday”

 

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minor 3rd is 3 half steps up from the Root.

The 3rd gives a chord it’s quality of being Major or minor.

“Axel F”, “Bad”

 

Major 3rd is  two whole steps up from the Root, or the 3rd note in the major scale.

“Kumbaya”, “Oh When the Saints”

 

Perfect 4th is the fourth note up in the major scale

“Here Comes the Bride”, “Amazing Grace”

 

Augmented 4th or Diminished 5th is also called a TriTone.

It is 6 half steps up or down, exactly half an octave.

“The Simpsons”

 

Perfect 5th is the fifth note in the major scale

“Twinkle Twinkle Little Star”, “Star Wars”

 

minor 6th is a flat 6 of the major scale

“Theme from Love Story”

 

Major 6th is the sixth scale tone in the major scale

“My Bonnie Lies over the Ocean”, “It Came Upon a Midnight Clear”

 

minor 7th is a flat seven of the major scale.

“Star Trek Theme”

 

Major 7th is the seventh scale tone in the major scale

It is also a half step down from the Octave of the Root.

“Take On Me”

 

The same note as the root, double it’s frequency.

“Somewhere Over the Rainbow”, “The Christmas Song”

 

 

Ok, that’s it for today!
Practice listening for different intervals in songs, ads, atmospheres, etc…
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